The U.S. Intelligence Community
The U.S. Intelligence Community (IC) consists of 16 agencies/organizations and one overarching entity, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, within the executive branch. They work both independently and collaboratively to gather the intelligence necessary to conduct foreign relations and national security activities. Their primary mission is to collect and convey the essential information the President and members of the policymaking, law enforcement, and military communities require to execute their appointed duties.
Today intelligence is used for many purposes. Besides the traditional tracking of foreign military capabilities and scrutiny of foreign government intentions, intelligence is used for the "new problem set of the twenty first century - nuclear proliferation, terrorism, failing states, cyber threats, global warming, and the international economic reshuffle." Intelligence thus supports national security planning, diplomacy, homeland security, and enforcement of our laws. View career opportunities at www.intelligence.gov
The Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI)
The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) serves as the head of the Intelligence Community (IC), overseeing and directing the implementation of the National Intelligence Program and acting as the principal advisor to the President, the National Security Council, and the Homeland Security Council for intelligence matters related to the national security. The Office of the DNI's goal is to effectively integrate foreign, military and domestic intelligence in defense of the homeland and of United States interests abroad.
Intelligence Community Center for Academic Excellence (IC CAE) Program
The IC CAE National Security Studies Program was established under the ODNI during 2005 in response to the nation's increasing need for IC professionals who are educated and trained with the unique knowledge, skills and capabilities to carry out America's national security objectives.
The IC CAE Program, as called for in the Intelligence Community's Five Year Strategic Human Capital Plan, provides colleges and universities with the opportunity to implement curricula focusing on the critical IC skill sets needed to strengthen the IC workforce and effectively meet mission requirements.
Meeting this need requires the IC to recruit and retain the best and brightest — those with diverse ethnic, cultural and professional backgrounds, as well as regional, geographical, industry, language and technical expertise (especially first and second generation Americans) — to protect our citizens and lead this country in the 21st Century.
The 16 Intelligence Community Member Agencies
- The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), established by the National Security Act of 1947, is an independent agency responsible for providing national security intelligence to senior US policymakers. The CIA is separated into four basic components: the National Clandestine Service, the Directorate of Intelligence, the Directorate of Science & Technology, and the Directorate of Support. They carry out “the intelligence cycle,” the process of collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence information to top US government officials. In addition, the Director of CIA has several staffs that deal with public affairs, human resources, mission innovation, protocol, congressional affairs, legal issues, information management, and internal oversight. View CIA internship and career opportunities.
- The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is a Department of Defense combat support agency and an important member of the United States Intelligence Community. They provide military intelligence to warfighters, defense policymakers and force planners, in the Department of Defense and the Intelligence Community, in support of U.S. military planning and operations and weapon systems acquisition. It is first in all-source defense intelligence to prevent strategic surprise and deliver a decision advantage to warfighters, defense planners, and policymakers. It deploys globally alongside warfighters and interagency partners to defend America's national security interests. View DIA internship and career opportunities.
- The Department of Energy (DOE) ensures America’s security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions. The DOE's Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence provides timely technical intelligence analysis on all aspects of foreign nuclear weapons, emerging foreign technology threats, nuclear materials and energy issues worldwide. The Doe's intelligence program originated during the Manhattan Project in WW II, when it was created to provide specialized analysis of the developing atomic weapons of the Soviet Union. Since then, intelligence at DOE has evolved in close concert with the changing policy needs and the strength of DOE's unique scientific and technological base to address such matter as world energy crises, nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism. View DOE
internship and career opportunities.
- The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is responsible for merging law enforcement and intelligence information relating to terrorist threats within US borders. The DHS participates in inter-agency counterterrorism efforts, border security, preparedness, response and recovery, immigration, and cyber security issues. Along with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, it is focused on ensuring information regarding terrorist threats is shared with state and local law enforcement. The Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the DHS track terrorists and their networks; and assess threats to U.S. critical infrastructures, bio to nuclear terrorism, pandemic diseases, cyber threats, and radicalization within U.S. society. View DHS internship and career opportunities.
- The Department of State's (DOS) mission is to shape and sustain a peaceful, prosperous, just, and democratic world and foster conditions for stability and progress for the benefit of the American people and people everywhere. It handles intelligence analysis, policy, and coordination of intelligence activities in support of diplomacy and provides a wide range of intelligence support to the Secretary of State and other policymakers, ambassadors, special negotiators, country directors and desk officers. The Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the DOS (INR/DOS) serves as the focal point within the DOS for all policy issues and activities involving the IC. The Bureau draws on all-source intelligence, diplomatic reporting, public opinion polling and interaction with U.S. and foreign scholars to respond rapidly to changing policy priorities and to provide early warning
and analysis of events and trends that affect U.S. foreign policy and national security interests.
View INR/DOS internship and career opportunities.
- The Department of Treasury (DOT) advises policymakers on domestic and international financial, monetary, economic, trade and tax policy. They also provide focused intelligence support to Treasury officials on the full range of economic, political and security issues. The Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI) marshals the department's intelligence and enforcement functions with the twin aims of safeguarding the financial system against illicit use and combating rogue nations, terrorist facilitators, terrorist financing domestically and internationally, weapons of mass destruction (WMD) proliferators, money launderers, drug kingpins, and other national security threats. View DOT internship and career opportunities.
- The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is responsible for enforcing federal controlled substances laws and regulations. The Office of National Security Intelligence of the DEA shares any drug-related intelligence with the IC that is acquired while executing their drug enforcement duties. The role of intelligence in drug law enforcement is critical. The DEA Intelligence Program helps initiate new investigations of major drug organizations, strengthens ongoing ones and subsequent prosecutions, develops information that leads to seizures and arrests, and provides policy makers with drug trend information upon which programmatic decisions can be based. The DEA helps optimize the overall U.S. Government counter-narcotics interdiction and security effort and furthers creative collaboration between various federal, state, local, and foreign officials involved in countering
the threats from narcotics trafficking, human trafficking, immigration crimes and global terrorism.
View DEA internship and career opportunities.
- The Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) mission is to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners. The National Security Branch (NSB) of the FBI, created in September 2005 in response to a presidential directive, combines the missions and resources of our counterterrorism, counterintelligence, weapons of mass destruction, and intelligence elements under the leadership of a senior Bureau official. It integrates investigative and intelligence activities against current and emerging national security threats; provides timely information and analysis to the intelligence and law enforcement communities; and develops
enabling capabilities, processes, and infrastructure, consistent with applicable laws, Attorney
General and Director of National Intelligence guidance, and civil liberties.
View FBI internship and career opportunities.
- The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency's (NGA) is one of four major intelligence agencies that make up the Department of Defense. Its mission is to provide timely, relevant, and accurate geospatial intelligence in support of national security objectives. In order to supply knowledge foundation for planning, decision and action, it offers geospatial intelligence in different forms from different sources like imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial data and information. Geospatial intelligence is the exploitation and analysis of imagery and geospatial information to describe, assess and visually depict physical features and geographically referenced activities on earth. NGA thus provides support to civilian and military leaders and contributes to the state of readiness of U.S. military forces. The agency also contributes to humanitarian relief efforts, such as peacekeeping operations,
and tracking natural disasters. View NGA internship and career opportunities.
- The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) is our nation’s eyes and ears in space. It is one of four major intelligence agencies that make up the Department of Defense. The NRO is the U.S. Government agency in charge of designing, building, launching, and maintaining America’s intelligence satellites. Information from these satellites is used to warn of potential foreign military aggression, monitor weapons programs, enforce arms control and environmental treaties, and assess the impact of natural and manmade disasters. Established in 1961 and declassified to the public in 1992, the agency provides critical intelligence to many other IC agencies. View NRO internship and career opportunities.
- The National Security Agency (NSA) leads the U.S. Government in cryptology that encompasses both Signals Intelligence and Information Assurance products and services; and enables Computer Network Operations in order to gain a decision advantage for the Nation and our allies under all circumstances. It confronts the formidable challenge of preventing foreign adversaries from gaining access to sensitive or classified national security information. It collects, processes, and disseminates intelligence information from foreign signals for intelligence and counterintelligence purposes and to support military operations. This Agency also enables Network Warfare operations to defeat terrorists and their organizations at home and abroad, consistent with U.S. laws and the protection of privacy and civil liberties. A high technology organization, NSA is on the frontiers of communications
and data processing. It is also one of the most important centers of foreign language analysis and
research with the U.S. government. It is one of four major intelligence agencies that make up the
Department of Defense. View NSA internship and career opportunities.
- The U.S. Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (USAF/ ISR) Agency's mission is to organize, train, equip and present assigned forces and capabilities to conduct intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance for combatant commanders and the nation. its vision is to advocate and develop competencies vital to sustaining full-spectrum air, space and cyberspace ISR capabilities for the warfighter and the nation. The Air Force integrates manned and unmanned aeronautical vehicles and space based systems to provide continual situational awareness and information to the joint warfighter and national decision makers. ISR collection assets and analysis contribute to the overall goal of increasing the nation's ability to gather and analyze intelligence on our adversaries. View USAF/ISR career opportunities.
- The U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) conducts intelligence, security and information operations for military commanders and national decision makers. Adapting to the changing paradigm of warfare, including counterterrorism and counter-insurgency operations, the U.S. Army is committed to provide all-source "actionable" intelligence along tactfully useful timelines, to soldiers and commanders at all levels. It aims to increase military intelligence capacity and skills balance, enable distributed access to an all source, flat, integrated network, expand human intelligence capacities, and work to understand their environment to recognize and report useful information. View U.S. Army/INSCOM career opportunities.
- The U.S. Navy’s Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) is a core element of the navy's Information Dominance Corps whose goal is to gain and hold a decisive information advantage over America’s potential adversaries. ONI produces meaningful maritime intelligence and moves that intelligence rapidly to key strategic, operational, and tactical decision makers. Its integrated workforce of active duty and Reserve naval and civilian professionals supports combat operations and provides vital information for planning America’s defense against maritime threats at home and around the world. ONI also produces maritime intelligence on weapons and technology proliferation and smuggling and illicit maritime activities that directly supports the U.S. Navy, joint warfighters and national decision makers and agencies. View ONI internship and career opportunities.
- The Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA) is responsible for intelligence, counterintelligence, terrorism, classified information, security review, and cryptologic information to the U.S. Marine Corps, other branches of the military, and the IC based on expeditionary mission profiles in littoral areas. These include threat assessments, estimates, and intelligence for service planning and decision-making. The MCIA also provides combat developers with threat data and other intelligence support for doctrine and force structure development, systems and equipment acquisition, war-gaming, and training and education. View MCIA internship and career opportunities.
- The Coast Guard Investigative Service (CGIS) is a federal investigative and protective program established to carry out the Coast Guard's internal and external criminal investigations; to assist in providing personal security services; to protect the welfare of Coast Guard people; to aid in preserving the internal integrity of the U.S. Coast Guard; and to support Coast Guard missions worldwide. View CGIS career opportunities.